Contributed by Ashleigh Flores
There has been growing interest in the link between the microbiota of the gut and disease mediated changes in both human and veterinary medicine. The horse gastrointestinal tract is one of the most unique displays of physiological engineering in any mammal. Horses are non-ruminant herbivores with the ability for microbial fermentation in the hindgut. The complexities of the microbial community within the equine gut and how those intricacies pertain to disease processes are just beginning to be understood. This is a new frontier in equine veterinary research with much to be discovered and a vast wealth of knowledge to be gained.